“Congress may use its spending power to create incentives for States to act in accordance with federal policies. But when ‘pressure turns into compulsion’ ibid., the legislation runs contrary to our systems of federalism.”
“Given its expansive scope, it is no surprise that Congress has employed the commerce power in a wide variety of ways to address the pressing needs of the time. But Congress has never attempted to rely on that power to compel individuals not engaged in commerce to purchase an unwanted product.” “The individual mandate forces individuals into commerce precisely because they elected to refrain from commercial activity. Such a law cannot be sustained under a clause authorizing Congress to ‘regulate Commerce.’”
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